The study looked at the effects of almond consumption in 275 young adults between the ages of 16 and 25 who live in Mumbai, India. Each of the participants had metabolic markers that suggest prediabetes. The researchers wanted to find out how nutritional interventions through healthy snacks could support their metabolic health.
Participants were randomly divided into two groups: one group received 56 grams of raw almonds (approx. 46 nuts) daily, while the control group received a snack made from whole grain flour, chickpea flour, salt and Indian spices. In addition to having their respective snacks twice a day, participants were asked to maintain their normal lifestyle, including diet and exercise patterns.
The study was carried out over a period of 90 days. At the end of the study, the almond group showed a significant decrease in glycated hemoglobin levels (AKA HbA1c, a marker for glucose control) and total cholesterol, as well as an increase in good cholesterol levels. Although not statistically significant, the almond group also saw a decrease in the inflammatory marker IL-6.